Phonics

Read Write Inc. Phonics

At Darnhall Primary School we use Read Write Inc Phonics (RWI) to give your child the best possible start with their reading and writing. We have put together a guide to how the RWI programme works together with some useful links.
 

What is Read Write Inc?

Read Write Inc (RWI) is a phonics complete literacy programme which helps all children learn to read fluently and at speed so they can focus on developing their skills in comprehension, vocabulary and spelling.  The programme is designed for children aged 4-7.
RWI was developed by Ruth Miskin and more information on this can be found at https://ruthmiskin.com/en/find-out-more/parents/.
 

How will RWI be taught?

All children are assessed regularly by their teacher so they are working at the right level. 

Reception
In Reception all children will learn how to ‘read’ the sounds in words and how those sounds can be written down. 

Reading
The children:
•    learn 44 sounds and the corresponding letters/letter groups using simple picture prompts – see below
•    learn to read words using Fred talk and sound blending
•    read from a range of storybooks and non-fictions books matched to their phonic knowledge 
•    work well with partners
•    develop comprehension skills in stories by answering 'Find It' and 'Prove It' discussion questions 

Writing
The children:
•    learn to write and form the letters/letter groups which represent the 44 sounds with the help of fun phrases
•    learn to write words by using Fred Talk 
•    learn to build sentences by practising sentences out loud before they write  

Talking
The children
•    They work in pairs so that they: 
•    answer every question 
•    practise every activity with their partner 
•    take turns in talking and reading to each other 
•    develop ambitious vocabulary

Year One & Year Two
Children follow the same daily format as Reception but will work on complex sounds and read books appropriate to their reading level.

Five key principles underpin the teaching in all Read Write Inc. sessions:  
Purpose – know the purpose of every activity and share it with the children, so they know the one thing they should be thinking about
Participation – ensure every child participates throughout the lesson. Partnership work is fundamental to learning
Praise – ensure children are praised for effort and learning, not ability
Pace – teach at an effective pace and devote every moment to teaching and learning
Passion – be passionate about teaching so children can be engaged emotionally.

Children will be taught how to read as follows:
Before you start to teach your child, practise saying the sounds below.These are the sounds we use to speak in English.

Fred Talk

We use pure sounds (‘m’ not’ muh’,’s’ not ‘suh’, etc.) so that your child will be able to blend the sounds into words more easily. 
At school we use a puppet called Fred who is an expert on sounding out words! we call it, ‘Fred Talk’. E.g. m-o-p, c-a-t, m-a-n, sh-o-p, b-l-a-ck.
The following video is an example of blending sounds with Fred. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dEzfpod5w_Q
The children are taught the sounds in 3 sets.

Step 1:
Set 1 Sounds are taught in the following order together with rhymes to help children form the letters correctly and instantly recognise sounds ready for blending.

Set 1
Sound    Rhyme
m    Down Maisie then over the two mountains. Maisie, mountain, mountain. 
a    Round the apple, down the leaf. 
s    Slide around the snake 
d    Round the dinosaur's back, up his neck and down to his feet.
t    Down the tower, across the tower,
i    Down the insects body, dot for the head. 
n    Down Nobby and over the net. 
p    Down the plait, up and over the pirates face.
g    Round the girls face, down her hair and give her a curl
o    All around the orange
c    Curl around the caterpillar
k    Down the kangaroos body, tail and leg
u    Down and under the umbrella, up to the top and down to the puddle
b    Down the laces, over the toe and touch the heel
f    Down the stem and draw the leaves
e    Slice into the egg, go over the top, then under the egg
l    Down the long leg
h    Down the horse's head to the hooves and over his back
sh     Slither down the snake, then down the horse's head to the hooves and over his back
r    Down the robot's back, then up and curl
j    Down his body, curl and dot
v    Down a wing, up a wing
y    Down a horn, up a horn and under the yak's head.
w    Down, up, down, up the worm.
th     Down the tower, across the tower, then down the horse’s head to the hooves and over his back
z    Zig-zag-zig, down the zip.
ch     Curl around the caterpillar, , then down the horse's head to the hooves and over his back
qu     Round the queen’s head, up to her crown, down her hair and curl
x    Cross down the arm and leg and cross the other way
ng     A thing on a string 
nk    I think I stink
 

Children will also use pictures for each sound to help recognise the sound and then form the shape of the sound.


Step 2:
The children are then taught Set 2 Sounds - the long vowels. When they are very confident with all of set 1 and 2 they are taught Set 3 Sounds.

Long  vowel sound    Set 2 Speed Sound cards
Teach these first    Set 3 Speed Sound cards
ay    ay: may I play    a-e: make a cake    ai: snail in the rain
ee    ee: what can you see    ea: cup of tea    e: he me we she be
igh    igh: fly high    i-e: nice smile
ow    ow: blow the snow    o-e: phone home    ao: goat in a boat
oo    oo: poo at the zoo    u-e: huge brute    ew: chew the stew
oo    oo: look at a book        
ar    ar: start the car        
or    or: shut the door    aw: yawn at dawn    
air    air: that’s not fair    are: share and care    
ir    ir: whirl and twirl    ur: nurse for a purse    er: a better letter
ou    ou: shout it out    ow: brown cow    
oy    oy: toy for a boy    oi: spoil the boy    
ire        ire: fire fire!    
ear        ear: hear with your ear    
ure        ure: sure it’s pure?    
 

Nonsense words (Alien words)

As well as learning to read and blend real words children will have plenty of opportunities to apply their sound recognition skills on reading ‘Nonsense words’. These words will also feature heavily in the Year One Phonics Screening check in the summer term. 

Step 3:
Children will be introduced to ‘Ditty books’ when they successfully begin to read single words. The short vowels should be kept short and sharp: 
Children use sound-blending (Fred Talk) to read short ditties. They will bring these home once they have read and discussed the book in class. Children will then be challenged to use their developing phonic knowledge to write short sentences.
Within all the books children will have red and green words to learn to help them to become speedy readers. Red words are words that are not easily decodable and challenge words to extend children’s vocabulary. Green words are linked to the sounds they have been learning and are easily decodable.


Dots and dashes represent the sound each letter makes.
Once your child has been introduced and taught these words in school we will send them home for you to continue practising with your child.
During the RWI session children will read the book three times and at each new reading they will have plenty of opportunities to practise using their developing comprehension skills. 
 

Useful Websites:
https://www.oxfordowl.co.uk/
https://www.ruthmiskin.com/en/find-out-more/parents/
 

Files to Download

Contact Us: Darnhall Primary School Sandyhill Road, Winsford, Cheshire CW7 1JL

Tel: 01606 593315 General enquiries please contact the office.

Email: contact@darnhall.cheshire.sch.uk